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Astrology and Religion

Posted on November 16th, 2012 by Don Cerow

Astrology and Religion
Last week we took a brief look at Franz Cumont’s Astrology and Religion Among the Greeks and the Romans, together with his opinion on the subject. We made it no further than the introduction, wherein he unequivocally states that astrology is a morbid manifestation elevated to the state of mental disease, the most persistent hallucination to ever haunt the human brain.

Well, I love you, too!

Even so, his research yields a great deal of information about the evolution of astrology through the ancient world, until it reached the highest phase of ancient paganism during the Roman Empire. His opening lines resurrect some attitudes currently in vogue today.

“During the period of the French Revolution citizen Dupuis, in three bulky volumes “On the Origin of all Forms of Worship” (1794), developed the idea that the primary source of religion was the spectacle of celestial phenomena and the ascertainment of their correspondence with earthly events, and he undertook to show that the myths of all peoples and all times were nothing but a set of astronomical combinations.”

I would say citizen Dupuis has it about right, but Prof. Cumont isn’t finished yet.

“According to him, the Egyptians, to whom he assigned the foremost place among “the inventors of religions,” had conceived, some twelve or fifteen thousand years before our era, the division of the ecliptic into twelve constellations corresponding to the twelve months; and when the expedition of Bonaparte discovered in the temples of the Nile valley, notably at Denderah, some zodiacs to which a fabulous antiquity was attributed, these extraordinary theories appeared to receive an unexpected confirmation. But the bold mythological fabric reared in the heavens by the ‘savant’ of the Revolution fell to pieces when Letronne proved that the zodiac of Denderah dated, not from an epoch anterior to the most ancient of the known Pharaohs, but from that of the (more recent) Roman emperors.”

Zodiac of Denderah aside (currently dated to around 50 BC), this is part of a notion that has long been held by the academics. The Greeks believed that Egypt was the oldest, while archaeological evidence seems to support the contention that the Sumerians of the Tigris-Euphrates rivers were older, but either of these two  did little to escape the 4th millennium BC.

Nevertheless, the discussion seems to be starting to come full circle, as one Dr. Robert Schoch has suggested. Dr. Schoch is a full-time faculty member at Boston University, who earned his Ph.D. in Geology and Geophysics at Yale. According to Dr. Schoch,
“In 1990 I first traveled to Egypt, with the sole purpose of examining the Great Sphinx from a geological perspective. I assumed that the Egyptologists were correct in their dating, but soon discovered that the geological evidence was not compatible with what the Egyptologists were saying. On the body of the Sphinx, and on the walls of the Sphinx Enclosure (the pit or hollow remaining after the Sphinx’s body was carved from the bedrock), I found heavy erosional features ( that I concluded could only have been caused by rainfall and water runoff. The thing is, the Sphinx sits on the edge of the Sahara Desert and the region has been quite arid for the last 5000 years. Furthermore, various structures securely dated to the Old Kingdom show only erosion that was caused by wind and sand (very distinct from the water erosion). To make a long story short, I came to the conclusion that the oldest portions of the Great Sphinx, what I refer to as the core-body, must date back to an earlier period (at least 5000 B.C., and maybe as early as 7000 or 9000 B.C.), a time when the climate was very different and included more rain.”

When he first presented his findings the Egyptologists, understandably enough, wanted to know where there were other signs of ‘pottery shards’. In other words, where was the supporting evidence of civilizations of that same period? At the time, there was none to be found.

Although originally dismissed by the Egyptologists, the recent uncovering of the site at Göbekli Tepe in south eastern Turkey seem to support not only Dr. Schoch’s pioneering work, but also that of citizen Dupuis. Again, from Dr. Schoch’s WEBSite,

“Looking only at style and quality of workmanship, one might suggest that Göbekli Tepe dates between 3000 and 1000 B.C. (standard thinking). How wrong one would be! Based on radiocarbon analyses, the site goes back to the period of 9000 to 10,000 B.C., and was intentionally buried circa 8000 B.C. That is, the site dates back an astounding 10,000 to 12,000 years!”

Exactly as citizen Dupuis predicted.

But it was Prof. Cumont’s words that spoke to me and led to a lengthy quest, and that is this. In discussing astrology, Cumont claims,

“It furnishes the key to the interpretation of Homer as well as of the Bible.”

Thirty years later, and over the course of a lifetime of celestial research, Athena has led me to examine these themes and found them to be absolutely true.

Thank you, Prof. Cumont.

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