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Egyptian Archaeology

Posted on February 14th, 2014 by Don Cerow

Venus is considered to be the ruler of Taurus. During the time during which the Vernal Equinox was passing through the constellation Taurus, themes thought to be within the ‘realm’ of Venus come into more prominence, as her mythical qualities are ‘nourished’ by heaven above. We know a great deal about Egypt, in part because the dry sands of the desert have helped to preserve many of the ancient artifacts that have come down to us. History begins with writing, and the Egyptians left a considerable volume of writing, not only in their papyrus scrolls, but also in their tombs, walls, ceilings, obelisks, temples, statues and about anything else they could get their hands on.

Whoever said it’s not ‘written in stone’ has obviously never been to Egypt.

Moses spent his life growing up as a young prince in the Egyptian court. Is it any wonder he wrote the commandments on stone tablets?

But by the time the Early Dynastic Period of Egypt gets its start circa 3100 BC, the Vernal Equinox is already about halfway through the constellation, just entering the vicinity of the Hyades, and on its way towards the Pleiades, the head and shoulder of the celestial Bull respectively.  Anything earlier than this is considered to be the pre-Dynastic Period, and we don’t know nearly as much information about the time Spring was passing through the horns of the Bull, from, say, 4200 down to 3100 BC.

In its early history, Egypt was distinguished between its upper and lower geographical areas. History remembers the unification of Upper (further south, in the hill country of Egypt) and Lower (in the north, adjacent to the Delta and Mediterranean) Egypt. The pharaohs, upon coming into their power, had to perform the unification of the two lands in ritual, as though it had not already happened earlier in their history. Based on artifacts left to us, Lower Egypt had trade relations with the southern Levant and Near East, while Upper Egypt was known to have traded with Nubia, and through them, Central Africa. Because of these distinctions, it seems that the development of pharaonic culture that later becomes so well studied rises primarily from the Upper Egyptian cultural tradition and forms the chronological backbone of early Egyptian history.

“The oldest truly Neolithic cultural group of Upper Egypt is represented by a series of settlement sites and cemeteries on the east bank of the Nile, near the village of Badari, south of Asiut. Chronologically, the early stages of this culture overlap the end of the Merimda culture in the north, about 4400 BC, and it coincides with the beginning of the Naqada culture in the early fourth millennium, around 3800 BC.”   Notes from Egypt- The World of the Pharaohs, Konemann.

Here, then, are the dates we’re looking for. The artifacts left behind by the Naqada culture in particular provide our time-frame, when Spring would have been passing through the Horns of the Bull.

And what do these artifacts consist of?

Naturally, there is pottery. The Naqada culture surpassed their neighbors by using “marl clay”, technically more difficult to work with, but worth the effort in producing a hard, dense ceramic ware of high quality, suitable for containers intended for the storage of fluids, milk products, honey and similar foodstuff for long periods of time.

These containers were especially used for ointments.

A whole range of items belonging to the sphere of personal adornment began to make its appearance, increasing in quantity and variety.

“The graves also contained a broad range of items chiefly relating to cosmetics and the adornment of the body. The carvings on bone and ivory are particularly striking. These utensils are often decorated with figures. They include stone cosmetic palettes, carved spoons for ointments, hairpins, decorative combs and bracelets of bone and ebony, and necklaces of turquoise beads, glazed steatite (soapstone), shells, and various stones. Copper is also occasionally found, made into pins and beads.”


So this is what these developing cultrues were focused on, learning to advance their knowledge, intellect and learning, by putting on make-up and making themselves beautiful!

Venus at the boudoir!

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