Eclipses only occur when the Sun, Moon and the Earth all align with each other. Relatively speaking, the Sun holds it’s position while the Earth and Moon take turns with ‘Johnny-in-the-middle.’ Because of the line up the Moon’s shadow falls on the Earth during a solar eclipse and the Earth’s shadow falls on the Moon during a lunar eclipse. Solar eclipses only occur on a New Moon, while lunar eclipses only occur during a Full Moon. This eclipse will best be observed from the Pacific Rim; on the East Coast not-so-much.
The blood red coloring comes from the amount of light being refracted by the Earth’s atmosphere as it falls on the Moon. It’s a Super Moon because it’s closer to the Earth than any other this year. This fifth Full Moon of the year is called a Flower Moon which makes this a Super Flower Blood Moon.
If I get you a crimson bouquet you wanna go out on a date?
We can look at the stars.